This is an article of Manila Times, Dec 1, 1908 - CIGARS FOR THE EMPEROR
The Germinal Cigar Factory was founded in 1898, was a Filipino owned
company that could lay claim at that time to be the largest manufacturer
of tobacco products in the country.
THE GERMINAL CIGAR COMPANY, considered he largest establishment of its kind in the world. is featured in the Manila Times today.
The factory is described as having a total of 35 cigarette machine on it second floor. Each of the machine is capable of cutting and molding the cigarette paper, filling them up with finely cut tobacco, and finally folding these into the finished product.
The machine requires only a single employee to look after it and keep it continuously fed with tobacco.
The Germinal Cigar Factory once stood at Calle Marques de Comillas in San
Miguel, Manila, next to the Ayala Bridge. The factory produced up to
3 million cigarettes and 200,000 cigars a day.
The figure includes the production of the night shifts. Although two shifts of workers are being employed, the factory is hardly able to fill the numerous orders coming from all over the Philippine and from Australia, China and Japan.
"Only four day ago, an order was received from the emperor of Japan for the immediate shipment of 50,000 perfectos. To show the enterprise of this Filipino factory, the order was executed in two days not withstanding the heavy local demands that have to be met.”
|Touring parties have been lavishly entertained by the directors and managers of
the company, and a trip through the |
factory has awed nearly everyone who has had the pleasure of making it.
|Employees of Germinal making cigars.|
Right now, the wrapper being used for the perfecto and similar higher-grade cigars have been imported from Connecticut.
A for the personnel of the firm, there are about 13,000 employees paid wage to the amount of P5,000 weekly.
Dr. Ariston Bautista y Lim was the founder and served
also as president of the Germinal factory.
Source: Bahay Nakpil-Bautista
The girl working in the factory make an average of 75 centavos a day. Skilled laborer , however, can earn as much a P1.50 for the day's work.
The company, also one of the major sponsors of the first Manila Carnival, had Dr. Ariston Bautista y Lim as its president. Lin also served as the head of the Philippine Medical Society as well as executive of several charitable organizations in the county.
|Different cigarette wrappers of Germinal|
This is an article from the Navy Guide to Cavite and Manila in 1908
|In 1908 the cigarette output of this factory is three million
every twenty-four hours
|Different cigar rings of Germinal|
FABIAN DELA ROSA paints the word “Germinal”
in the background of this painting- a tribute to the cigar
company that provided him a scholarship to study at the
Academie Julian in Paris.
Source: Important Philippine Art, Salcedo Auction, 2018
The hustle and bustle and yet calm and orderly movement of the workers has startled the reconceived and entertained idea that all the industries of Manila are of a primitive character and the workmen shiftless and unreliable. After passing through the great room where the pina-clad senoritas sit in a long row engaged in the talks of putting the cigarettes up in packages. So deftly do these girls perform their task that by touch alone they are able each time to gather just thirty cigarettes and so quickly waft them into the folded and fastened package that the eye is left to catch up with the performance. Never are the cigarettes counted but form the never diminishing pile, always fed from the machines, the exact number is taken without hesitation and with one movement of the sensitive fingers then with a rapid movement thy are encased the paper package and are ready for the market.
|1912 Germinal Newspaper Ad|
The cigar output is 100,000 per day. Thirteen hundred men, women and girls are employed by the Germinal Company and the weekly payroll amounts to from P4,000 to 5,000. The daily payment to the internal revenue tax amounts to P4,000 on cigars and cigarettes manufactured for home consumption.
|Germinal tobacco plantation advertisement postcard|