Tuesday, September 10, 2013

92. ISAAC PERAL, more than an old street in Manila. (Cigarette wrapper collection )



 ISAAC PERAL y Caballero
Source: naukas.com
ISAAC PERAL was an old street name in Ermita, Manila that was later changed to United Nations Avenue.  Little did I know that Isaac Peral was a Spanish scientist, inventor, and military man. He invented the submarine -- the first U-boat in naval history.

He was sent in mission to the Philippines in 1881, first as a geographer and later as an officer of a gunboat. During his stay in the Philippines, he received seven patents between 1887 and 1891 for his other inventions.

The PERAL was the first electric battery powered submarine built by Isaac Peral, for the Spanish Navy. The first fully capable military submarine was launched on September 8, 1888. It had two torpedoes, new air systems, hull shape and propeller and cruciform external controls anticipating later designs. When fully charged it was the fastest submarine yet built, with performance levels that matched or exceeded those of First World War U-boats. In June 1890 Peral's submarine launched a torpedo under the sea. It was also the first submarine to incorporate a fully reliable underwater navigation system.

PERAL the first electric battery powered submarine
Source: www.clubdelamar
However, conservatives in the Spanish naval hierarchy terminated the project despite two years of successful tests. It is assumed that political reasons were the cause of its rejection after successful tests.  Isaac Peral, frustrated, retired from naval active duty in November 1891.











These Philippine cigarette wrappers are tribute to this great Spanish sailor, engineer and genius ISAAC PERAL


LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL and the PERAL Submarine blowing up a ship

LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL


LA CUBAN Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos de Pedro Roxas O. featuring the PERAL Submarine

Monochromatic cigarette wrapper of  LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL and the PERAL Submarine



PAGKAKAISA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila

ULILA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila
LA ESCOLTA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila


Sources:
(1) senorenrique.blogspot.com
(2) Wikipedia

Monday, September 9, 2013

91. Philippine Postcards from the 1960's (Manila, Makati, & Caloocan)




MANILA BY NIGHT. Plaza Miranda, Rizal Avenue and Quezon Blvd. By KRUGER.

ESCOLTA at NIGHT. Multi colored neon lights up Manila's version of Fifth Avenue, New York. Banks and quality stores line up along the side. By Platischrome, National Book Store.


Legislative Building (Now National Museum). Manila Cityhall at the back. Made by KRUGER, National Bookstore.



Aerial View of Manila


National Library,  Manila

Busy Rizal Avenue (Avenida) at Night. Movie theaters along the avenue are the Ideal, State, Scala, Capitol, Ever, Avenue, Galaxy, and the Lyric.



China Town, Divisoria, Manila. Ca. 1960's
Quaipo Church, Manila. Ca. 1960's


Manila Hotel, taken from Manila bay.

Aerial view of Manila City. By Madonna Postcard. Ca. 1960's


ENTRANCE TO CHINESE GARDEN, RIZAL PARK. The ornate arch which is reminiscent of authentic Chinese Architecture least of the interior of the beautiful garden. By KRUGER, National Book Store.





THE CHILDREN'S PLAYGROUND, LUNETA. Located within the area of Rizal Park in Manila offers an endless variety of amusement for children. At the background are the Manila Hilton, the city's tallest building and some government and business establishments. Kruger by National Book Store

MINIATURE GARDEN, LUNETA. Cascading waterfalls & clear tiny lake , milti colored flowers, ever garden grass found in the junction of busy streets within Rizal Park area of Manila. By KRUGER, National Book Store.



MAPUA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY inside Intramuros. By KRUGER, National Book Store.


PASIG RIVER WITH MANILA'S SKYLINE - The Pasig river divides Manila into two parts, North and South. It has witnessed all of the changes that has come upon the nation's greatest city from the time of Legaspi, who founded the city to the establishment of the Republic. Plastichrome by National Book Store



Lourdes Church, Kanlaon St, Quezon City.

Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan.

ROXAS BLVD. Scenic view boulevard facing Manila Bay. By JMC Press, Inc.

HOTEL FILIPINAS, Paco, Manila.

THE MAKATI SHOPPING CENTER. This is part of Makati's development as an independent community with its own shopping center in the middle of office, industrial and residential buildings. By Plastichrome, National Book Store.



ANOTHER VIEW OF THE MAKATI SHOPPING CENTER. This commercial center caters to the needs of the residents of nearby San Lorenzo, Bel - Air, Urdaneta and Forbes Park. By Plastichrome, National Book Store.


MAKATI'S GROWING SKYLINE. In the few years , modern buildings have bee shooting up in this area. Makati's phenomenal growth may be credited to the far-reaching plans of its residents to ha a community comparable with any in the world. Plastichrome, National Book Store.

MAKATI SHOPPING CENTER. Building in front is Shoe Mart. Rizal theater at the back. Made by Kruger.

MANILA HILTON.  Postcard. Ca. 1960's

JONES BRIDGE and MAHILA SKYLINE. Postcard. Ca. 1960's

BLUMENTRITT - LIBERTAD JEEPNEY near Luneta. Postcard. Ca. 1960's

Aerial view of Port Area. Postcard. Ca. 1960's

CARRIEDO Area.  Postcard. Ca. 1960's

Aerial view of Luneta. Postcard. Ca. 1960's
Aerial view of Luneta Park. Postcard. Ca. 1960's
Luneta Park. Postcard. Ca. 1960's

Rizal Monument at Luneta Park. Postcard. Ca. 1960's

Landscape going to Lagusnilad, Manila. Ca. 1960's



Fort Santiago, Manila
Dewey Blvd., Manila

Legislative Building, Manila

Manila Chinese Cemetery, Philippines 1960s