Tuesday, September 10, 2013

92. ISAAC PERAL, more than an old street in Manila. (Cigarette wrapper collection )



 ISAAC PERAL y Caballero
Source: naukas.com
ISAAC PERAL was an old street name in Ermita, Manila that was later changed to United Nations Avenue.  Little did I know that Isaac Peral was a Spanish scientist, inventor, and military man. He invented the submarine -- the first U-boat in naval history.

He was sent in mission to the Philippines in 1881, first as a geographer and later as an officer of a gunboat. During his stay in the Philippines, he received seven patents between 1887 and 1891 for his other inventions.

The PERAL was the first electric battery powered submarine built by Isaac Peral, for the Spanish Navy. The first fully capable military submarine was launched on September 8, 1888. It had two torpedoes, new air systems, hull shape and propeller and cruciform external controls anticipating later designs. When fully charged it was the fastest submarine yet built, with performance levels that matched or exceeded those of First World War U-boats. In June 1890 Peral's submarine launched a torpedo under the sea. It was also the first submarine to incorporate a fully reliable underwater navigation system.

PERAL the first electric battery powered submarine
Source: www.clubdelamar
However, conservatives in the Spanish naval hierarchy terminated the project despite two years of successful tests. It is assumed that political reasons were the cause of its rejection after successful tests.  Isaac Peral, frustrated, retired from naval active duty in November 1891.











These Philippine cigarette wrappers are tribute to this great Spanish sailor, engineer and genius ISAAC PERAL


LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL and the PERAL Submarine blowing up a ship

LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL


LA CUBAN Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos de Pedro Roxas O. featuring the PERAL Submarine

Monochromatic cigarette wrapper of  LA HOJA PURA Fabrica de Cigarros y Cigarrillos featuring ISAAC PERAL and the PERAL Submarine



PAGKAKAISA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila

ULILA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila
LA ESCOLTA Cigarrillos by Compania General De Tabacos De Filipinas  located at ISAAC PERAL No. 851 Manila


Sources:
(1) senorenrique.blogspot.com
(2) Wikipedia

3 comments:

  1. Ang ganda tingnan ng mga design ng cigarettes noong panahon ng mga Kastila. ngayon puro kulay nlng. wla disenyo tulad nyan.

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  2. Amazing! A hidden fact surfaces. Perhaps, even one can take everything out as stated above -but the idea still remains and has been improved on which cannot be taken away... reminds me of bagging my carpet. ;-)

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  3. I don't think he invented the submarine, there were submersibles in US during American Civil War. But definitely sounded like his submarines were first of the advanced modern submarines.

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