Thursday, June 28, 2012

72. DON FELIPE HIDALGO – Par Excellence Filipino Collector


Don Felipe Hidalgo contemplates a recent addition to 
treasure of rarities:  a solid silver boat money.
THE HOUSE OF HIDALGO  IS A GREAT ART MUSEUM

A Fortune Is Invested In Oddities



THE MASTER of the House of Art-of Hidalgo is a stubby little man who talks rapidly and gesticulates to better emphasize a point. He roams around the gloomy, convent-like mansion on Tanduay st. which contains priceless relics and art masterpieces of many nations. Attired in dark pants and pongee
pajama coat, a fat unlighted cigar between his teeth, the owner of one of the country s costliest private museums loves to spend the greater part of the day browsing among his painting, old coins, armors and countless other rarities.

The "odd" man who has a fortune in non-profit "investments" expecting nothing more than aesthetic joy in return is Don Felipe R. Hidalgo. One of the distinguished  surviving members of the opulent and artistic Hidalgo family  he holds sway in the realm of private collectors as owner of the most varied art treasure in the country. Conservative appraisal of his collection puts a value to it of a million pesos. 

Personally Art Czar Hidalgo insists no pecuniary offer could induce him to part with his possessions as most of them cannot be found anywhere at any price.

Pieces de resistance of the House of Art of Hidalgo are many original paintings by Don Felipe's internationally famous uncle, the late- Don Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo y Padilla, the Filipino painter who created such immortal canvases as '''Oedipus and Antigone", "Skiff of Acheron", "Christian Virgins Exposed To The Populace" and others that have found permanent niches in art salons of Europe.

But chief boast of Don Felipe's art hoard is its priceless variety. Besides paintings, woodcarvings, cabinets, vases and others of the usual stock which grace the collection of the average collector, that of Hidalgo includes images, medals. jewelry, stamps, smoking pipes, commemorative tea spoons, royal grants, medals and rare coins from all over the world. Valuables of the latter type are stored safely in bank vaults by prudent Don Felipe who believes that modern robbers will steal anything from babies to bath tubs. Friends who wish to see his jewelry, coins, etc. make appointment with him a day ahead thus giving Collector Hidalgo a chance to trundle over to the bank and transport home the objects
requested.

Few Manilans know the artistic glamor of the House of Art of Hidalgo. Outside its old walls the modern world in whirlwind fashion goes about its business. Thousands have passed the house, glanced at its uninviting exterior, moved on. But those that contrive to gain entrance to Art Czar Hidalgo's home-museum instantly are captivated with its solemn, palatial magnificence, its roomful of impressive objects that seem to exude life, retell adventures and tragedies of many countries, many races.

Rare and elaborate are the pieces of jewelry and religious antiques in the house of art of Hidalgo.


Bareness of a hospital corridor offers a striking contrast to the first story landing of the art house. Two original paintings of Felix R. Hidalgo , Samurai Armour, steel lions meet visitors

Up the narrow . elaborately carved stairs those seeking beauty and antiquity climb. And her we have a section of the main sala with more paintings, armor, Ming dynasty vases and Spanish cabinets

A religious family is the Hidalgo. Like most opulent Filipinos the Hidalgos dedicate one room of the famed mansion to prayers and mass. Most beautiful of images found in the private chapel is the one on the left. It is over 100 years old, wears glittering earring, pendant and jeweled crown

The family dines in this severely plain dining room. There are rare plates, paintings and historical cabinet. Furniture is Spanish, the table topped with one piece marble, largest in the country
 
Don Felipe Hidalgo gathers the little as well as the big

DECORATIONS and  AWARD       
Starting from top-left to right.
Grand Cross of the Ecclesiastical Corp of the Navy.            
Grand Cross of Naval Merit-red-1t class pension.
Grand Cross of Naval Merit-white-1st class pension.        
Grand Cross of Naval' Merit-white-no pension.
Grand Cross of the Order of Military Merit-white-no pension.
Grand Cross order of Alfonso XII.              
Grand Cross order of Military Merit-red-pensioned.
Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulcher.          
Plaque of Cambodje (Indo China).
Grand Cross of Mejide (Turkey).                
Grand Cross of the Spanish Red Cross.
Grand Cross, Order of Charles II.                
Grand Cross of the Magistracy (For Justice of Supreme Court).    
Grand laureled Cross of St. Ferdinand.
Grand Cross of the Sun and Lion of Persia.            
Grand Cross of St. Hermenegild.
Grand Cross of the Army Chaplaincy.       
Grand Cross of the Military Order of Maria Christina.
Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.              
Plaque of Knight of Isabella the Catholic.
Grand Cross of St. Gregory

MEDALS
 
Medal of the Royal Philippine Economic Society of Friends of the Country.
Medal of the Royal Academy of Noble Arts of St. Fer-dinand (Spain).
Medal of the University Extraordinary Cloister.
Medal of Public Instruction of Queen Isabella II.
Medal of the Judiciary.
City Hall Medal of the Noble and Loyal City of Manila.
Masonic Emblem.
Medal of the faculty of the Royal and Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas. -
Medal of Magistracy.



  




This was published in the PHOTO NEWS Magazine on Nov. 30,1937





Saturday, June 2, 2012

71. ROSTER ROLL OF THE 8TH ARMY CORPS - American Volunteers in the Philippines during the 1898 Spanish American War


I would like to share this book - Roster Roll of the 8th Army Corps by Sheare & Burnett,  copyrighted 1899.  It contains the complete list of all American Volunteers who fought in the Spanish American war in the Philippines.  Each page contains facsimile signature of each volunteer including their ranks and their company.  Scarce souvenir book of the 8th Army Coprs printed in Manila.


Roster Roll of the 8th Army Corps by Sheare & Burnett.  Copyrighted 1899.


BACKGROUND of the 8TH ARMY CORPS


After the American victory in Manila Bay over two months earlier, the U.S. Navy, under Admiral George Dewey, had blockaded the city of Manila and waited for land forces to arrive. The United States reacted by organizing the 8th Corps, dubbed the Philippine Expeditionary Force under the command of Major General Wesley Merritt. In May, the vanguard of the force left San Francisco under the command of Brigadier General Thomas M. Anderson. By mid-June, some 30,000 Filipino troops under general Antonio Luna had dug fourteen miles of trenches around Manila. Filipino troops, seizing control of Manila's only pumping station, cut off the water supply to the city.

The first contingent of American troops arrived in Cavite on June 30, the second under General Frank V. Greene on 17 July, and the third under General Arthur MacArthur on 30 July.  By this time, some 12,000 U.S. troops had landed in the Philippines.

Aguinaldo had presented surrender terms to Spanish Governor General Basilio Augustín, who had refused them. On 16 June, warships departed Spain to lift the siege, but they altered course for Cuba where a Spanish fleet was imperiled by the U.S. Navy. Life in Intramuros, where the normal population of about ten thousand had swelled to about seventy thousand, had become unbearable. Realizing that it was only a matter of time before the city fell, and fearing vengeance and looting if the city fell to the Filipinos, Governor Augustín had suggested to Dewey that the city be surrendered to the Americans after a sham battle. Dewey had initially rejected the suggestion because he lacked the troops to block Filipino forces but, Merritt's troops now being available, he sent a message to Fermin Jáudenes, Augustín's replacement, agreeing to the charade.

Merritt was eager to seize the city, but Dewey stalled while maneuvering to work out a bloodless solution with Jaudenes. On 4 August, Dewey and Merritt gave Jaudenes 48 hours to surrender; later extending the deadline by five days when it expired.  Covert negotiations continued, with the details of the mock battle being arranged on 10 August. The plan agreed to was that Dewey would begin a bombardment at 09:00 on 13 August, shelling only Fort San Antonio de Abad, a decrepit structure on the southern outskirts of Manila, and the impregnable walls of Intramuros. Simultaneously, Spanish forces would withdraw, Filipino forces would be checked, and U.S. forces would advance. Once a sufficient show of battle had been made, Dewey would hoist the international surrender signal, "DWHB", whereupon the Spanish would hoist a white flag and Manila would be formally surrendered to U.S. forces.

SOURCE: Wikipedia, Battle of Manila (1898)
Admiral George Dewey  of the US fleet (center), Admiral Montojo of the Spanish Armada (left) and Charles Gridley, fired the first shot in the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898 (right)


BATTERY A. UTAH LIGHT ARTILLERY

U.S.  VOLUNTEERS of the BATTERY A. UTAH LIGHT ARTILLERY
BATTERY B. UTAH LIGHT ARTILLERY
U.S.  VOLUNTEERS of the  BATTERY B. UTAH LIGHT ARTILLERY
THE SHOULDERS STRAPS OF THE UTAH LIGHT ARTILLERY TWENTY YEARS AFTER THE FALL OF MANILA
 
3RD REGIMENT U.S. ARTILLERY - G & H
3RD REGIMENT U.S. ARTILLERY - K & L


WESLEY MERITT

Merritt was placed in command of the 8th Army Corps being raised in California. In June 1898, Merritt and the last of the 8th Corps departed from San Francisco for the Philippines.   

Once Merritt arrived on Manila's island of Luzon, he and Dewey made preparations for the attack on the city. The two intentionally kept Emilio Aguinaldo in the dark about the plans for the attack since neither wanted Aguinaldo's insurgents to end up in control of the city. Merritt and Dewey made arrangements with Governor General Fermin Jaudenes, commander of the Spanish garrison, to surrender the city to the U.S. only after the latter put up a token resistance. The city fell to the Americans on August 13 during the Battle of Manila, and Merritt became the military governor of the Philippines. He later advised the U.S. in the peace negotiations at the Treaty of Paris.







1ST COLORADO INFANTRY - A, B & C

1ST COLORADO INFANTRY - D, E & F

1ST COLORADO INFANTRY - G, H & I

1ST COLORADO INFANTRY - K, L & M


OLD GLORY THROWN TO THE BREEZE FROM THE BATTLEMENTS OF FORT SAN ANTONIO ABAD MALATE, P.I.


On August 13, with American commanders unaware that a peace protocol had been signed between Spain and the U.S. the previous day, Dewey began his bombardment as scheduled. Dewey had directed his ship captains to spare Manila any serious damage but gunners on one ship, unaware of the negotiated arrangements, scored several direct hits before its captain was able to cease firing and withdraw from the line.

General Greene's brigade pushed rapidly through Malate and over the bridges to occupy Binondo and San Miguel. General MacArthur, advancing simultaneously on the Pasay road, encountered and overcame resistance at the blockhouses, trenches, and woods in his front, advanced and held the bridges and the town of Malate. This placed Manila in American possession, except for Intramuros. Shortly after entering Malate, U.S. troops observed a white flag displayed on the walls of Intramuros. Lieutenant Colonel C. A. Whittier, United States Volunteers, representing General Merritt, and Lieutenant Brumby, U.S. Navy, representing Admiral Dewey, were sent ashore to communicate with the Captain-General. General Merritt soon personally followed, met with Governor General Jaudenes, and concluded a preliminary agreement of the terms of capitulation.

Though a bloodless sham battle had been planned, Spanish troops had opened fire in a skirmish which left six Americans and forty-nine Spaniards dead when Filipino troops, thinking that the attack was genuine, joined advancing U.S. troops. Except for the unplanned casualties, the battle had gone according to plan; the Spanish had surrendered the city to the Americans, and it had not fallen to the Filipinos.

1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY - A & B


1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY - C, D & E


1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY ROSTER


1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY - F, G & H

1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY - I, K & L


1ST CALIFORNIA VOLUNTEERS INFANTRY

VICINITY OF CAMP DEWEY, PHILIPPINE ISLAND
NATIVE PLOWING IN RICE FIELD WITH WATER BUFFALO

FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS 1ST CALIFORNIA &
NON COMMISSIONED STAFF
10TH PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY
10TH PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY


Showing the CAPUCHINO MISSION under AMERICAN LINES

10TH PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY -Company's E & D

10TH PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY ROSTER


2ND OREGON INFANTRY - A, B, C & D

Showing USS CHARLESTON and GUAM ISLAND


2ND OREGON INFANTRY - E, F, G & H

2ND OREGON INFANTRY - I, K, L & M


NIGHT ATTACK ON THE AMERICAN LINES


1ST MONTANA INFANTRY

1ST MONTANA INFANTRY

MAP SHOWING OPERATIONS OF LAND AND SEA FORCES IN THE VICINITY OF MANILA.  DURING THE AMERICAN AND SPANISH WARS.