Friday, August 26, 2011

32. Philippine Coins & Money - Part 2

Philippine Commemorative Gold Coins issued by Banko Sentral


 Coins of the Philippine Peso

In 1861, gold coins were issued for 1, 2 and 5 pesos. These were equal in gold content to the earlier Spanish coins of ½, 1 and 2 escudos. Silver coins were minted from 1864 in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 centimos de peso, with silver 1-peso coins issued in 1897. During the Revolutionary period, coins were issued in copper for 1 and 2 centavos and 2 centimos de peso.

In 1903, a new coinage was introduced. It consisted of bronze ½ and 1 centavo, cupro-nickel 5 centavos and silver 10, 20 and 50 centavos and 1 peso. The silver coins were weight related to the peso which was minted in .900 fineness and contained 374.4 grains of silver. U.S. gold coins and ½ and 1 peso coins were legal tender for any amount, with 10 and 20 centavos coins being legal tender up to 20 pesos and smaller coins up to 2 pesos. The sizes and finenesses of the silver coins were reduced in 1907, with the peso now a 20 gram coin minted in .750 silver. Production of the 1 peso coin ceased in 1912 and that of the 50 centavos in 1921.

The American Government deemed it more economical and convenient to mint silver coins in the Philippines, hence, the re-opening of the Manila Mint in 1920, which produced coins until the Commonwealth period.

In 1937, coin designs were changed to reflect the establishment of the Commonwealth. No coins were minted in the years 1942 and 1943 due to the Japanese occupation, but minting resumed in 1944, including production of 50 centavos coins. Due to the large number of coins issued between 1944 and 1947, coins were not minted again until 1958.

In 1958, a new, entirely base metal coinage was introduced, consisting of bronze 1 centavo, brass 5 centavos and nickel-brass 10, 25 and 50 centavos. In 1967, the coinage was altered to reflect the use of Filipino names for the currency units. 1-piso coins were introduced in 1972. In 1975, the "Ang Bagong Lipunan" series was introduced with the 5-piso coins included. Aluminium replaced bronze and cupro-nickel replaced nickel-brass that year. The Flora and Fauna series was introduced in 1983 which included 2-piso coins. The sizes of the coins were reduced in 1991, with production of 50-sentimo and 2-piso coins ceasing in 1994. The current series of coins was introduced in 1995, with 10-piso coins added in 2000.

Denominations below 1 piso are still issued but are not in wide use. In December 2008 a Philippine Congress resolution called for the retirement and demonetization of all coins less than one peso.

Source: Wikipedia

 

Photos courtesy of  NUMISTA  



1 Peso (U.S. Administration) – reverse
1 Peso (U.S. Administration) – obverse
1 Peso (U.S. Administration)
1903-1906
Silver (.9000) – 26.96 g – ø 38 mm
KM# 168
1 Peso (U.S. Administration) – reverse
1 Peso (U.S. Administration) – obverse
1 Peso (U.S. Administration)
1907-1912
Silver (.800) – 20 g – ø 35 mm
KM# 172
1 Peso (Commonwealth) – reverse
1 Peso (Commonwealth) – obverse
1 Peso (Commonwealth)
1936
Commemorative: Establishment of the Commonwealth
Silver (.900) – 20.00 g – ø 35 mm
KM# 177
1 Peso (Commonwealth) – reverse
1 Peso (Commonwealth) – obverse
1 Peso (Commonwealth)
1936
Commemorative: Establishment of the Commonwealth
Silver (.900) – 20.00 g – ø 35 mm
KM# 178
1 Peso (Douglas McArthur) – reverse
1 Peso (Douglas McArthur) – obverse
1 Peso (Douglas McArthur)
1947
Commemorative: Liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese by Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Silver (.900) – 20.00 g – ø 35.5 mm
KM# 185
1 Peso (Andres Bonifacio) – reverse
1 Peso (Andres Bonifacio) – obverse
1 Peso (Andres Bonifacio)
1963
Commemorative: 100th Anniversary Birth of Andres Bonifacio
Silver (.900) – 26.00 g – ø 38 mm
KM# 193
1 Peso (Bataan day) – reverse
1 Peso (Bataan day) – obverse
1 Peso (Bataan day)
1967
Commemorative: 25th Anniversary of Bataan Day
Silver (.900) – 26.00 g – ø 38.1 mm
KM# 195
1 Piso – reverse
1 Piso – obverse
1 Piso
1972-1974
Copper-nickel – 14.28 g – ø 33 mm
KM# 203

1 Piso – reverse1 Piso – obverse
1 Piso
1975-1982
Copper-nickel – 9.5 g – ø 29 mm
KM# 209
1 Piso – reverse
1 Piso – obverse
1 Piso
1983-1990
Copper-nickel – 9.50 g – ø 28.9 mm
KM# 243
100 sentimos = 1 peso
1 Piso (Philippine Culture Decade) – reverse
1 Piso (Philippine Culture Decade) – obverse
1 Piso (Philippine Culture Decade)
1989
Commemorative: Philippine Culture Decade
Copper-nickel – 9.5 g – ø 28.5 mm
KM# 251
1 Piso (small type) – reverse
1 Piso (small type) – obverse
1 Piso (small type)
1991-1994
Stainless Steel – 4.00 g – ø 21.6 mm
KM# 243.2
1 Piso (Antipolo) – reverse
1 Piso (Antipolo) – obverse
1 Piso (Antipolo)
1991
Commemorative: 400th Anniversary of Antipolo
Copper-nickel – 9.5 g – ø 29 mm
KM# 257
1 Piso (Battle of Kagitingan) – reverse
1 Piso (Battle of Kagitingan) – obverse
1 Piso (Battle of Kagitingan)
1992
Commemorative: 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Kagitingan
Stainless Steel – 4 g – ø 21.5 mm
KM# 260
1 Piso – reverse
1 Piso – obverse
1 Piso
1995-2008
Copper-nickel – 6.07 g – ø 24 mm
KM# 269

1 Piso – reverse1 Piso – obverse
1 Piso
2003-2010
Nickel clad Steel – 5.40 g – ø 24 mm
KM# 269a

2 Piso – reverse2 Piso – obverse
2 Piso
1983-1990
Copper-nickel – 12 g – ø 31 mm
KM# 244
2 Piso (Elpidio Quirino) – reverse
2 Piso (Elpidio Quirino) – obverse
2 Piso (Elpidio Quirino)
1991
Commemorative: Centennial of National Movement - 100th Anniversary of Birth of Elpidio Rivera Quirino (1st edition)
Copper-nickel – 12 g – ø 31 mm
KM# 253
2 Piso – reverse
2 Piso – obverse
2 Piso
1991-1994
Stainless Steel – 5.01 g – ø 23.5 mm
KM# 258
2 Piso (Jose P. Laurel) – reverse
2 Piso (Jose P. Laurel) – obverse
2 Piso (Jose P. Laurel)
1992
Commemorative: Centennial of National Movement - 100th Anniversary of Birth of José P. Laurel (2nd edition)
Copper-nickel – 12 g – ø 31 mm
KM# 256

2 Piso – reverse
2 Piso – obverse
2 Piso
1992
Nickel clad Steel – ø 23.5 mm
KM# 261
4 Pesos - Isabella II – reverse
4 Pesos - Isabella II – obverse
4 Pesos - Isabella II
1861-1868
Gold (.875) – 6.77 g
KM# 144
4 Pesos - Alfonso XII – reverse
4 Pesos - Alfonso XII – obverse
4 Pesos - Alfonso XII
1880-1885
Gold (.875) – 6.77 g
KM# 151

5 Piso – reverse5 Piso – obverse
5 Piso
1975-1982
Nickel – ø 36.5 mm
KM# 210
5 Piso – reverse
5 Piso – obverse
5 Piso
1991-1994
Nickel-brass – 9.45 g – ø 25.5 mm
KM# 259
5 Piso – reverse
5 Piso – obverse
5 Piso
1995-2009
Nickel-brass – 7.67 g – ø 25.5 mm
KM# 272
10 Piso (People Power Revolution) – reverse
10 Piso (People Power Revolution) – obverse
10 Piso (People Power Revolution)
1988
Commemorative: Feb. 22-25 People Power Revolution
Nickel – 22 g – ø 36 mm
KM# 250
10 Piso – reverse
10 Piso – obverse
10 Piso
2000-2009
Bi-Metallic Brass center in Copper-nickel ring – 8.7 g – ø 26.5 mm
KM# 278
25 Piso (MacArthur) – reverse
25 Piso (MacArthur) – obverse
25 Piso (MacArthur)
1980
Commemorative: 100th Anniversary - Birth of Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Silver (.500) – 25.00 g
KM# 230

25 Piso (President Aquino) – reverse25 Piso (President Aquino) – obverse
25 Piso (President Aquino)
1986
Silver (.9250) – 18.41 g
KM# 246 
100 sentimos = 1 peso
1000 Piso (New Society) – reverse
1000 Piso (New Society) – obverse
1000 Piso (New Society)
1975
Commemorative: 3rd Anniversary of New Society
Gold (.900) – 9.95 g
KM# 213
1500 Piso (Pope John Paul II) – reverse
1500 Piso (Pope John Paul II) – obverse
1500 Piso (Pope John Paul II)
1981-1982
Commemorative: Pope John Paul II
Gold (.900) – 9.95 g
KM# 234
2500 Piso (General MacArthur) – reverse
2500 Piso (General MacArthur) – obverse
2500 Piso (General MacArthur)
1980
Commemorative: 100th Anniversary of the Birth of General MacArthur
Gold (.500) – 14.57 g
KM# 231
5000 Piso (Papal Visit) – reverse
5000 Piso (Papal Visit) – obverse
5000 Piso (Papal Visit)
1994
Commemorative: Papal Visit
Gold (.925) – 16.81 g
KM# 267
5000 Piso (Central Bank of the Philippines) – reverse
5000 Piso (Central Bank of the Philippines) – obverse
5000 Piso (Central Bank of the Philippines)
1999
Commemorative: 50th Anniversary of the Central Bank of the Philippines
Gold
KM# 283

10000 Pesos (Democracy) – reverse10000 Pesos (Democracy) – obverse
10000 Pesos (Democracy)
1992
Commemorative: Democracy - People Power 1992
Gold (.925) – 33.55 g
KM# 255

If you have old Philippine coins that you would like to be appraised, email me at lumang.gamit@yahoo.com