|KUNDIMAN Label on 78 rpm Shellac Record|
One of my hobbies is collecting pre-war records mostly Kundiman in shellac, 78 rpm format. The new generation, those who were born in the 1970s, have not seen or heard of this music format. Most are familiar with the long playing (LP) vinyl record, cassette tape and CD but have not seen a shellac record. Popularly known as gramophone record, it is similar to the modern vinyl record but is made of shellacque which is notoriously weak and brittle.
Pre-war Kundiman records were pressed in shellac 78 rpm records, but unfortunately due to our climate it breaks and cracks so easily and did not last the hands of time. Also, many of these records were lost during the war. I am sharing with you some classical Kundiman records that were preserved during the years.
To know more about Kundiman this article by Della G. Besa titled Our Signature Love Song explains this genre of music that we have forgotten.
|ANTONIO MOLINA - Romanza / Preludio|
He was a composer, conductor and music administrator.
Also a National Artist Awardee.
"The KUNDIMAN is the Philippines signature love song, generally expressing the forlorn lament of a faithful lover pining for his beloved. Written in triple time, and predominantly in the minor key, it is closely related in form to its predecessors: the kumintang, which is strangely enough, a war song; and the awit, direct offspring of the kumintang. Both these forms share the same rhythmic pattern and melodic inflection, which also reappear, although somewhat altered, in the kundiman.
|ATANG DELA RAMA - Ang Aking Kahapon|
MIGUEL GARCIA - Bakakon
Interestingly, the form took on a patriotic cast in the early days as a reaction to the Spanish practice of forbidding the Filipinos any display of nationalism. The result was an outpouring of feelings in song, expressing love for a woman who symbolized the Motherland. “Jocelynang Baliwag” (circa 1896), for example, was popular among the revolutionaries, and called the “kundiman of the Revolution”, because although disguised as a long song dedicated to a young beauty of Baliwag, Bulacan called Josefa (Pepita) Tiongson y Lara, it really spoke of the country they were working to free (Happy Eden in which are enthroned/Enjoyment and sweet joy).
|ATANG DE LA RAMA Lupang Pag-Ibig / Panganduhoy|
She was the "Queen of Kundiman", also a National Artist awardee
|FORTUNATO RAMOS GALONG - Huwak Na Toy / Kundiman en 1800|
|ACUNCION LOANCO - Kundiman / Alas Nueve Y Media|
“Bituing Marikit” (Beautiful Star), for example, was composed in 1926 by Nicanor Abelardo, to lyrics by sarswela writer Servando de los Angeles. Using the rhythm of a danza, it speaks of a lover begging for a ray of light from his loved one, a distant and unreachable shining star.
|JOVITA FUENTES - Ay Calisud / Ualay Angay|
She was the first female National Artist in Music
Our Signature Love Song By Della G. Besa , Kasaysayan, The Story of the Filipino People Vol. 10: A Timeline of Philippine History.
|ATANG DELA RAMA - Masayang Dalaga / Kamuning|
|HELEN WEBER and HECTOR DE LARA - Kudyapi ng Puso / Noche De Amor|
|EDYTA BURLEY and HECTOR DE LARA - Pagibig|
HELEN WEBER and HECTOR DE LARA - Isang Gabing Mapanglaw
|DUO CRESPO and PEREIRA - Lambingan|
RAMON CRESPO - Pusong Ng Hihiray
|ISANG PAPALES - Sino Ma Ang Naghasik / Calisud|
|ATANG DELA RAMA - Luha ng Pagibig|
MARIA RIPOLL - Lapitan Mo Ako
|NATI ARELLANO - Amandha Cancion Mosica / Dansa De Anita|
|NATI ARELLANO - Buhay Ko / Alaut - Balitaw|
|Orquesta Filipina - Intermedio Moro / Halika|
|PACITA NOLASCO - Kundiman|
CELIA CANSECO - Mi Patria
|RAMON CRESPO - Kundiman ng Puso / Ala Ala Kita|
|RAMON CRESPO - Paalam sa Pagkadalag / Huay Mo Akong Limutin|
|RAMON CRESPO - Sylvia / Basang Sisiw|
|RAMON CRESPO - Taghoy ng mga Ulila / Panaginip|
|RAMON CRESPO - Ulila sa Pagibig / Hakikana Giliw|
|ROSA JOSE - Halika Mutya Ko |
R RESURRECCION - Sa Duyan ng Pag-ibig
|SIMPICIO HERNANDEZ - Ang Kundiman / Hibik ng Ulila|
|VICTOR ORCHESTRA - Tirana / Dejado|