|Inauguration Ticket Card Seat No. (Obverse)|
The Commonwealth was envisioned under the Philippine Independence Act, popularly known as the Tydings-McDuffie Act, as a 10-year transitional government in preparation for full Philippine independence.
The establishment of the Commonwealth Government for the Filipino people was a realization of their efforts to govern themselves and chart their own destiny as a people. For the first time in Philippine history, a Filipino occupied Malacanang, the seat of power in the country.
Quezon, who overwhelmingly won over his two rivals -- General Emilio Aguinaldo and Bishop Gregorio Aglipay -- had a sobering admonition to his people. He said "... we have taken one more step forward in our onward march to the realization of our national ideal ... In this solemn moment, let there be no exultation of victory. Let it be the moment of consecration."
The Commonwealth, which had its own Constitution, featured a very strong executive, a unicameral National Assembly and a Supreme Court, composed entirely of Filipinos for the first time since 1901, although foreign policy and military affairs would be under the responsibility of the United States, and certain legislation required the approval of the American president.
The United States recognized Philippine independence on July 4, 1946, as scheduled.
Source: The Kahimyang Project
|Inauguration Ticket Card Seat No. (Reverse)|
|Inauguration Medal given to VIPs during the celebration. Minted by Crispulo Zamora|
|Commemorative Inauguration souvenir medal compliments of Compania Maritima Manila.|
| Invitation given to Guillermo Crisostomo to attend and participate in the |
Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
|Inauguration Medal of Manuel Luis Quezon as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines|
|Inauguration Pin of Manuel Luis Quezon|
|Philippine Coins issued to commemorate the Inauguration of Commonwealth of the Philippine.|
50 Centavos Murphy-Quezon, 1 Peso Murphy-Quezon and 1 Peso Roosevelt- Quezon.
|Official Aide Ribbon during the Inauguration|
|Caption at the back of photo. AS QUEZON BECAME FIRST PRESIDENT OF PHILIPPINES|
|Souvenir pins and fobs to commemorate the Inauguration of Commonwealth of the Philippine.|
|Souvenir postcard during the Inauguration (Obverse)|
|Souvenir postcard during the Inauguration, postmarked Nov. 15, 1935 (Reverse)|
|Political campaign buttons when Quezon run for President of the Commonwealth of the Philippine in 1935.|